fatherlands (2005) is a meditation on the passing European century, using combinations of pictures to search the past as it appears and disappears in the flux of appearances.  A sequence of photographs made between 1991 and 2001 in various locations across eastern and western Europe, including Nazi camps, the project undertakes a journey of inferential connections between the commonplace and historical consciousness—a visual metalepsis livened by the possibility of encountering the past as an aspect, if not a record, of the observable.